Posts Tagged ‘part’

postheadericon Cybersecurity review of 2017: The year of wake-up calls – part 1

Ransomware and data breaches remain major thorns in the sides of users and organizations across the world, often piercing their defenses without too much effort.

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postheadericon Cybersecurity review of 2017: The year of wake-up calls – part 2

Courtesy of its highly customizable nature – along with its ability to persist in the system and to provide valuable information for fine-tuning the highly configurable payloads – the malware can be adapted for attacks against any environment, making it extremely dangerous.

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postheadericon ESET takes part in global operation to disrupt Gamarue

Wauchos is an extensible bot that allows its owner to create and use custom plugins. However, there are some plugins that are widely available and that are used by many different botnets.

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postheadericon Adventures in cybersecurity research: risk, cultural theory, and the white male effect – part 2

Armed with the cultural theory described in part one as a possible explanation for why some people do not heed expert advice, we fielded a survey that queried US adults about their attitudes to 15 different technology hazards, including six that were cyber-related.

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postheadericon National Cybersecurity Awareness Month Twitter Chats part 5

In our previous blog entries we covered Simple Steps to Online Safety, Cybersecurity in the Workplace and Today’s Predictions for Tomorrow’s Internet. In our final blog in the series we will be talking about the opportunities that await you if you were interested in a career in cybersecurity.

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postheadericon Concealed Carry And The Holiday Season – When Waistlines Meet Waistbands, Part I

As a concealed carrier, calories count. An inside the waistband holster with a concealed carry micro-compact or sub-compact pistol is sure to add at least an inch and a quarter to the waistline. When that competes with Aunt May’s turkey, hilarity ensues.

What are some holiday considerations you take as a concealed carrier? There’s more than meets the eye. In this first part of a two part series, we’ll discuss some real things to think about this holiday season — and why it’s best to start planning now.

Fat Shaming The Holster

No one forced that midnight slice of apple pie. It happened on its own. And next day Thanksgiving sandwiches? Delicious but damaging.

Anything that hurts your waistline will also hurt your concealed carry practice. If your trousers are uncomfortable to wear, your trousers plus a holster plus a gun will make for a downright excruciating day.

The easiest thing to do is admit you know yourself. If you typically put on weight during the holiday season — not at all uncommon — then plan for your clothing accordingly. Pants that are normally tight while you’re carrying concealed will be doubly so with your love handles overflowing them. No need to muffin top when you can simply switch into a pair of trousers that accommodate your “winter weight”.

Above all, don’t blame your gun and holster. If you need to, switch down to a micro-compact or sub-compact if you typically carry a compact. Even a change in a half an inch on the waistline can create a much more comfortable situation.

Tips To Win The Battle of the Bulge

  • Stick to a diet that accounts for larger-than-average holiday meals.
  • If you know you’re going to indulge, plan on wearing pants that are a bit more accommodating.

Don’t Be The Road Warrior

Unfortunately, it’s not like danger takes a holiday. A lot of people feel a heightened sense of stress during the holidays. Mix that with the demands of family, busy occasions, and the rest and there are all of the ingredients for flare ups of things like road rage, heated arguments, and unnecessary conduct.

Any situation you have the opportunity to walk away from is a guaranteed win. There’s no “if”s about it. When you encounter someone who is being overly aggressive, it’s far better to walk or drive away. If you feel threatened — but not in the immediate, lethal variety — call the police and let them deal with it. Those poor souls signed up to deal with every holiday nutjob in their jurisdiction — you didn’t.

Tips to Avoid The Holiday Hassle

  • Walk away from an argument
  • Don’t pull over to handle crazy, erratic drivers
  • Call the police if you feel a situation is truly escalating

Home For The Holidays

If you’re someone who has to travel to see relatives, make sure you bone up on the law before crossing state lines… Even if you follow the philosophy, ‘they can’t stop you if they can’t see you.’

All it takes is one routine traffic stop by a patrolman to turn your holiday season into a lengthy, costly trial.

You’re not the bad guy. You’re not the one who came up with the dumb laws regarding 2A and concealed carry. But you are a responsible citizen. If you have a family, they’re depending on you to be there for them. You can’t afford to get hauled off by the police because you carried a gun across state lines into — for example — New Jersey or New York. Just don’t do it.

Tips For Crossing State Lines While Carrying Concealed

  • Know the laws of the state you’re visiting
  • Know if that state honors your Right to Carry
  • Keep it concealed at all times

In Part II of this article, we’ll discuss a few more factors that every concealed carrier should consider when getting ready for the holiday season. As always, stay safe, keep it concealed, and carry everyday, everywhere.

Concealed Nation

postheadericon National Cybersecurity Awareness Month Twitter Chats part 4

In our previous blog entries we covered Simple Steps to Online Safety and Cybersecurity in the Workplace. In the blog today we will be talking about some of today’s predictions when it comes to the internet of tomorrow.

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postheadericon National Cybersecurity Awareness Month Twitter Chats part 3

In the first two parts of our series we have looked at the role an everyday internet user has in making the internet a safer place, and ID theft. This time around we focus on the role everyone has when it comes to cybersecurity best practices in the workplace.

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postheadericon National Cybersecurity Awareness Month Twitter Chats part 2

In the first part of our series we addressed issues such as the role an everyday internet user has in making the internet a safer place, and ID theft. The second part of the Twitter chat continues with the theme of Simple Steps to Online Safety.

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postheadericon Essential Self-Defense Law Part II: Appropriate Force

Read ‘Essential Self-Defense Law Part I: Imminence’ Here

In the first installment of this article I laid out three legal principles that I firmly believe all armed citizens should be well aware of as a bare minimum of self-defense law understanding: The ability to recognize an imminent threat, an understanding of appropriate force, and an understanding of maintaining innocence. We went on to analyze how to recognize imminence in part one. Now, we will proceed with our discussion and explore the legalities and use of appropriate force.

Understanding Appropriate versus Excessive Lethal Force

When we use force as a citizen to mitigate a violent threat we are legally entitled to only one thing: neutralization of the threat. The textbook definition of neutralize typically reads to “render (something) ineffective or harmless by applying an opposite force or effect.” When we shoot we shoot to neutralize. That is all. Terms such as “shoot to kill” or “shoot to wound” are for the movies, they have no bearing on legal self-defense for the armed citizen. If a threat is indeed an imminent lethal threat then we are justified in a lethal response, and in the case of shooting we shoot to neutralize the threat. A threat becomes neutralized when it no longer poses a danger to innocent life. This may result in the threat dying, or being crippled, or in the threat simply running away. How much force is needed is situationally dependent.

You are not in any way obligated to put yourself or another innocent party in harm’s way by holding back on the use of force. You are not obligated to take a single shot then pause to see if another is needed. You can legally shoot a threat to the ground. If an attacker is on the ground but still fighting, such as still pointing a gun at you from the ground, then you can keep shooting. The attacker is not neutralized until he ceases the violent activity that is endangering lives. However, you are obligated to cease in using force once a threat is truly neutralized. This is the area where a lot of legitimate self-defense events go bad. What if the attacker hits the ground after being shot multiple times and the gun flies out of his hand and across the floor. If the attacker is now unarmed and immobilized so that he no longer poses an imminent threat, and you then stand over the attacker and finish him off with one to the head, guess what? You have used excessive force and will probably do some time in the big house for it. Did he deserve to die? Perhaps, but that is not your call.

What are some neutralization possibilities as it applies to criminal attackers? Well, if you produce your concealed firearm when faced with a lethal threat and at the first sign of the gun the criminal turns around and runs out the door as fast as possible, guess what, you have neutralized the threat. Now, if he is still pointing a gun at you as he flees you are legally entitled to use force. Shooting people in the back is not always wrong, it depends on what they are doing when they get shot in the back. But, if he flees and all you have presented to you is his back as he now runs down the ally and around the corner, if you shoot him in the back, you have used excessive force that is not justified.

On the opposite extreme, a neutralization may entail emptying an entire magazine worth of ammunition into a determined and violent criminal, and then beating him the remainder of his way to death with the empty gun if that is what it takes to get him to cease his dangerous and violent activity. The bottom line is this, the amount of force that is appropriate and required varies completely based on the circumstances. So, we should be ready to use any level of force required without hesitation if it is needed, but we must avoid excessive force. If a threat is still capable of hurting people the continued use of lethal force against that individual is usually justified. However, once that individual is no longer posing a threat, you are legally obligated to cease using force and if you fail to do so you are in for big legal trouble.

Avoiding Excessive Less-Lethal Force

Proportional and necessary force are terms that are sub-sections to our topic of appropriate force and it is important so I bring it up here. You may be forced to defend yourself against threats that are violent, but not deadly. This is when we need to understand the realities of using only force that is proportional. Proportional force means using only force that is at the same level as that used by the aggressor. Generally, proportional force is going to stipulate that a non-lethal threat only warrants less-lethal force. If a drunk slaps you in the face after you accidently knock over his beer and you immediately produce your gun and give him a quick Mozambique drill, do you think that is a proportional response? I think most would agree that it is excessive force. “Proportional” can get murky as disparity of force can upset this seemingly straight-forward concept. Sometimes what is necessary may go beyond just proportional force, or sometimes what is necessary may actually be less than proportional, so my advice is to use only necessary force: the level of force needed to end the threat, but nothing more. A deadly threat such as an armed attacker typically demands a lethal response as this is necessary to neutralize such a threat. An unarmed threat, in most cases, will call for only a less-lethal response, be it open hand skills or less-lethal weaponry like OC spray.

Typically lethal force is not going to be justifiable against an unarmed aggressor, but, as discussed before, disparity of force can make a lethal response to an unarmed attacker necessary for some individuals in some circumstances. Again, consider a large strong male assaulting a small female. In that case the lethal response becomes necessary force. But, what if a small female were to assault a large strong male, perhaps swing a baseball bat at him? If the larger stronger male dodges the bat and closes on her so that he can simply restrain her so that she cannot injure him, or simply get away from her without risking his safety, would it be right for him to use truly “proportional” force and beat her up if he does not have to just because that is the level of force she is using? Technically, a ball bat is a deadly weapon in the eyes of the law and a lethal response may be justified, but perhaps it is not necessary. So, again, my advice as a good policy to default to is use ONLY the force necessary in any given situation to deal with the threat as this is usually going to be more legally defensible.

I am a firm advocate that all concealed carriers should have some open hand fighting skills and perhaps should carry a less-lethal alternative such as pepper spray for such events. What is required of you in your force response will also vary once again based on disparity of force. A strong and trained man will obviously be expected to handle non-lethal threats in less-lethal ways. An older person, a female, or someone who is in some way frail is not expected to go into hand-to-hand combat with a younger or stronger opponent. In some circumstances a strong and capable male may have need for a less-lethal option such as pepper spray because such a force tool can be used instead of going hands on which may put the defender, as well as the aggressor, at greater risk. Pepper spray and other less-lethal options are not just for females who don’t want to carry a gun, they are for anyone serious about self-defense.

Generally I find that far too many concealed carriers spend no time at all considering less-lethal self-defense. I will point out to you that per FBI crime statistics the average American is 5 times more likely to face a non-lethal assault than a lethal assault. That means you are 5 times more likely to need to employ your hands or a less-lethal weapon system than you are to have to deploy your gun. This is something you really need to take into account. Over-reliance on the singular tool can set you up for disaster if it leads you to escalate to an excessive force option because you have no lesser force abilities. Again, this is even more critical for the younger and stronger male than it is for the elderly, infirm, or small female because the young and strong are legally held to a higher expectation of being more proportional in defensive options.

In closing let me again reiterate that this article should be only the beginning for you if this is your first foray into this world of understanding self-defense law. The more versed you are in this knowledge base the more likely you are to make good decisions quickly, making you more likely to protect your physical life, as well as your legal and financial future. In part three of this article we will discuss the principles of maintaining innocence in a self-defense encounter.

Disclaimer: The above are opinions of the author. In any situation dealing with self-defense, it is your responsibility to understand the laws in your area, and what you can and cannot legally do. It is also your responsibility to use your best judgement, given the situation that you may find yourself in. In no way should this information be viewed as legal advice. When in doubt, consult a lawyer for any clarification that you may require. Simply put, use your best judgement and always abide by the law.

Concealed Nation